The Worcester Ruby Legs were a 19th century Major League Baseball team from 1880 to 1882 in the National League. The team were also referred to as the Brown Stockings or simply the Worcesters. The Ruby Legs played their home games at the Worcester Driving Park Grounds in the Worcester Agricultural Fairgrounds, located south of Highland Street between Sever Street and Russell Street in Worcester, Massachusetts.
On June 12, 1880, pitcher John Lee Richmond threw the first perfect game in Major League history, against the Cleveland Blues. The team made history again on August 20 of the same year by becoming the first team to be no-hit at home, when Pud Galvin of the Buffalo Bisons defeated them 1-0.
According to Lee Allen, Cincinnati writer and eventual director of the Baseball Hall of Fame, Worcester also impacted the National League in another way in 1880, being instrumental in having the Cincinnati Reds expelled from the league following the season, due to violations of the league rules against selling beer at the ballpark. In his 1948 book, The Cincinnati Reds (published by Putnam), Allen took some satisfaction in pointing out that the Reds re-formed in 1882, initially as a member of the American Association, the same year that Worcester's days as a major league franchise, as well as their influence, came to an end.
The Worcester team was dropped from the league after minuscule attendance in 1882. Their spot was taken by the Philadelphia Quakers, who later became the Philadelphia Phillies. Many sources say that the Ruby Legs moved to Philadelphia, but all available evidence suggests there is no direct link between the teams. Significantly, no players from the 1882 Ruby Legs ended up with the 1883 Quakers.
- 1880 Worcester Ruby Legs season
- 1881 Worcester Ruby Legs season
- 1882 Worcester Ruby Legs season
- Worcester Ruby Legs all-time roster
- ↑ Worcester Ruby Legs (1880-1882). retrosheet.org. Retrieved on 2008-09-04.
- ↑ Gordon, Robert; Tom Burgoyne (2005). Movin' on Up: Baseball and Philadelphia Then, Now, and Always. B B& A Publishers, 43. Retrieved on 2008-09-04.
- ↑ Healey, Paul; Worcester Historical Museum (photos) (© 2002-05). Driving Park at Agricultural County Fair Grounds. projectballpark.org. Retrieved on 2008-09-04.
- ↑ 4.0 4.1 No Hitters Chronologically. retrosheet.org. Retrieved on 2008-09-04.