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List of members of the Baseball Hall of Fame (chronological)

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This is a list of members of the Baseball Hall of Fame, in order of induction. Elections commenced in 1936 for selection of worthy individuals to be honored by induction to the Baseball Hall of Fame, though the first induction ceremonies were not held until the Hall opened in 1939. Through January 2007, a total of 280 individuals have been selected, including 227 players, 17 managers, 8 umpires, and 28 pioneers and executives. Each is listed along with their primary position; that is, the position or role in which the player made his greatest contribution to baseball, according to the Hall of Fame.

According to current rules, in order to be inducted players must have at least 10 years of major league experience and pass through a screening committee. Players meeting these qualifications are placed on the ballot five years after retirement, and are then voted on by the Baseball Writers Association of America (BBWAA). Each writer may vote for up to 10 players, and in order to be admitted into the Hall of Fame, a player must be approved by 75% of those casting ballots. Players receiving less than 5% approval are removed from future BBWAA ballots. Current rules allow that all players which have not been approved by the BBWAA election process within 20 years of their retirement may also be considered by the Veterans Committee every two years, and every four years that committee also votes on umpires, managers, pioneers, and executives. Over the years, exceptions have been made to the guidelines in place at the time: Roberto Clemente was elected shortly after his death in 1972, Lou Gehrig was elected in 1939 immediately following his retirement, and Addie Joss was elected in 1978 although he completed only 9 seasons before his death, as a result of a special resolution. Judge Landis was chosen by special action in December, 1944 a few weeks after his death.

Between 1971 and 1977, 9 players from the Negro Leagues were inducted by a special Negro Leagues Committee, which was given the task of identifying worthy players who played in the Negro Leagues prior to the breaking of baseball's color line. From 1978-2001, players from the Negro Leagues had been considered by the Veterans Committee, and 9 more individuals were approved by that body. In 2005, the Hall announced the formation of a Committee on African-American Baseball, which held a 2006 election for eligible figures from the Negro Leagues and earlier 19th century teams; 17 additional Negro League figures were chosen in that election.

Members of the Baseball Hall of FameEdit

Follow the linked year on the left to see more information about that year's election.

Babe Ruth

Babe Ruth

File:Cy young pitching.jpg
File:Al Spalding Baseball.jpg
Kenesaw Mountain Landis Baseball

Kenesaw Mountain Landis

MLB-Ed Delahanty

Ed Delahanty

Ed Walsh Baseball

Ed Walsh

File:Billklem.jpg
Year Name Primary Position* Career Percent of vote
1936 Ty Cobb CF 1905-1928 98.23%
Walter Johnson P 1907-1927 83.63%
Christy Mathewson P 1900-1916 90.71%
Babe Ruth RF-P 1914-1935 95.13%
Honus Wagner SS 1897-1917 95.13%
1937 Morgan Bulkeley Executive  
Ban Johnson Executive  
Nap Lajoie 2B 1896-1916 83.58%
Connie Mack Mgr 1894-1950
John McGraw Mgr-3B 1899, 1901-1932
Tris Speaker CF 1907-1928 82.09%
George Wright Pioneer  
Cy Young P 1890-1911 76.12%
1938 Grover Cleveland Alexander P 1911-1929 80.92%
Alexander Cartwright Pioneer  
[[Image:Template:Country flag alias GBR|22x20px]] Henry Chadwick Pioneer  
1939 Cap Anson 1B 1876-1897 (NA 1871-1875)
Eddie Collins 2B 1906-1930 77.74%
Charles Comiskey Mgr-Executive  
Candy Cummings Pioneer  
Buck Ewing C 1880-1897
Lou Gehrig 1B 1923-1939  
Willie Keeler RF 1892-1910 75.55%
Charles Radbourn P 1881-1891
George Sisler 1B 1915-1922, 1924-1930 85.77%
Albert Spalding P-Pioneer  
1940-41 No elections
1942 Rogers Hornsby 2B 1915-1937 78.11%
1943 No election
1944 Kenesaw Mountain Landis Executive  
1945 Roger Bresnahan C 1897, 1900-1915
Dan Brouthers 1B 1879-1896, 1904
Fred Clarke LF-Mgr 1894-1911, 1913-1915
Jimmy Collins 3B 1895-1908
Ed Delahanty LF 1888-1903
Hugh Duffy CF 1888-1906
Hughie Jennings SS-Mgr 1891-1903, 1907, 1909-1910, 1912, 1918
King Kelly RF-C 1878-1893
Jim O'Rourke LF 1876-1893, 1904 (NA 1872-1875)
Wilbert Robinson C-Mgr 1902, 1914-1931
1946 Jesse Burkett LF 1890-1905
Frank Chance 1B-Mgr 1898-1914
Jack Chesbro P 1899-1909
Johnny Evers 2B 1902-1917, 1922, 1929
Clark Griffith P-Executive  
Tommy McCarthy RF 1884-1896
Joe McGinnity P 1899-1908
Eddie Plank P 1901-1917
Joe Tinker SS 1902-1916
Rube Waddell P 1897, 1899-1910
Ed Walsh P 1904-1917
1947 Mickey Cochrane C 1925-1937 79.5%
Frankie Frisch 2B 1919-1937 84.47%
Lefty Grove P 1925-1941 76.4%
Carl Hubbell P 1928-1943 86.96%
1948 Herb Pennock P 1912-1917, 1919-1934 77.69%
Pie Traynor 3B 1920-1935, 1937 76.86%
1949 Mordecai Brown P 1903-1916
Charlie Gehringer 2B 1924-1942 85.03%
Kid Nichols P 1890-1901, 1904-1906
1950 None elected
1951 Jimmie Foxx 1B 1925-1942, 1944-1945 79.2%
Mel Ott RF 1926-1947 87.17%
1952 Harry Heilmann RF 1914, 1916-1931 86.75%
Paul Waner RF 1926-1945 83.33%
1953 Ed Barrow Executive  
Chief Bender P 1903-1917, 1925
Tommy Connolly Umpire (1898-1932)
Dizzy Dean P 1930, 1932-1941, 1947 79.17%
Bill Klem Umpire (1905-1941)
Al Simmons LF 1924-1941, 1943-1944 75.38%
Bobby Wallace SS 1894-1918
Harry Wright Mgr-Pioneer  
1954 Bill Dickey C 1928-1943, 1946 80.16%
Rabbit Maranville SS 1912-1933, 1935 82.94%
Bill Terry 1B 1923-1936 77.38%
1955 Frank Baker 3B 1908-1914, 1916-1919, 1921-1922
Joe DiMaggio CF 1936-1942, 1946-1951 88.84%
Gabby Hartnett C 1922-1941 77.69%
Ted Lyons P 1923-1942, 1946 86.45%
Ray Schalk C 1912-1929
Dazzy Vance P 1915, 1918, 1922-1935 81.67%
1956 Joe Cronin SS 1926-1945 78.76%
Hank Greenberg 1B 1930, 1933-1941, 1945-1947 84.97%
1957 Sam Crawford RF 1899-1917
Joe McCarthy Mgr 1926-1946, 1948-1950
1958 None elected
1959 Zack Wheat LF 1909-1927
1960 None elected
1961 Max Carey CF 1910-1929
Billy Hamilton CF 1888-1901
1962 Bob Feller P 1936-1941, 1945-1956 93.75%
Bill McKechnie Mgr 1915, 1922-1926, 1928-1946
Jackie Robinson 2B 1947-1956 77.5%
Edd Roush CF 1913-1929, 1931
1963 John Clarkson P 1882, 1884-1894
Elmer Flick RF 1898-1910
Sam Rice RF 1915-1934
Eppa Rixey P 1912-1917, 1919-1933
1964 Luke Appling SS 1930-1943, 1945-1950 84%
  Red Faber P 1914-1933
Burleigh Grimes P 1916-1934
Miller Huggins 2B-Mgr 1913-1929
Tim Keefe P 1880-1893
Heinie Manush LF 1923-1939
Monte Ward P-SS 1878-1894
1965 Pud Galvin P 1879-1892 (NA 1875)
1966 Casey Stengel Mgr 1934-1936, 1938-1943, 1946-1960, 1962-1965
Ted Williams LF 1939-1942, 1946-1960 93.38%
1967 Branch Rickey Executive  
Red Ruffing P 1924-1942, 1945-1947 86.93%
Lloyd Waner CF 1927-1942, 1944-1945
1968 Kiki Cuyler RF 1921-1938
Goose Goslin LF 1921-1938
Joe Medwick LF 1932-1948 84.81%
1969 Roy Campanella C 1948-1957 79.41%
Stan Coveleski P 1912, 1916-1928
Waite Hoyt P 1918-1938
Stan Musial LF-1B 1941-1944, 1946-1963 93.24%
1970 Lou Boudreau SS 1938-1952 77.33%
Earle Combs CF 1924-1935
Ford Frick Executive  
Jesse Haines P 1918, 1920-1937
1971 Dave Bancroft SS 1915-1930
Jake Beckley 1B 1888-1907
Chick Hafey LF 1924-1935, 1937
Harry Hooper RF 1909-1925
Joe Kelley LF 1891-1906, 1908
Rube Marquard P 1908-1925
Satchel Paige P 1927-1948, 1950-1951 1955 (Negro Leagues); 1948-1949, 1951-1953, 1965 (American League)
George Weiss Executive  
1972 Yogi Berra C 1946-1963, 1965 85.61%
Josh Gibson C 1930-1946
Lefty Gomez P 1930-1943
Will Harridge Executive
Sandy Koufax P 1955-1966 86.87%
Buck Leonard 1B 1933-1950
Early Wynn P 1939, 1941-1944, 1946-1963 76.01%
Ross Youngs RF 1917-1926
1973 Flag of Puerto Rico Roberto Clemente RF 1955-1972 92.69%
Billy Evans Umpire (1906-1927)
Monte Irvin LF 1939-1942, 1946-1948 (Negro Leagues) 1949-1956 (National League)
George Kelly 1B 1915-1917, 1919-1930, 1932
Warren Spahn P 1942, 1946-1965 82.89%
Mickey Welch P 1880-1892
1974 Cool Papa Bell CF 1922-1938, 1942, 1947-1950
Jim Bottomley 1B 1922-1937
Jocko Conlan Umpire 1935, 1941-1965 82.89%
Whitey Ford P 1950, 1953-1967 77.81%
Mickey Mantle CF 1951-1968 88.22%
Sam Thompson RF 1885-1898, 1906.
1975 Earl Averill CF 1930-1941
Bucky Harris Mgr 1924-1943, 1947-1948, 1950-1956
Billy Herman 2B 1931-1943, 1946-1947
Judy Johnson 3B 1918-1937
Ralph Kiner LF 1946-1955 75.41%
1976 Oscar Charleston CF 1915-1950, 1954
Roger Connor 1B 1880-1897
Cal Hubbard Umpire 1936-1951
Bob Lemon P 1946-1958 (1941-1942 as non-P) 78.61%
Freddie Lindstrom 3B 1924-1935 75.41%
Robin Roberts P 1948-1966 86.86%
1977 Ernie Banks SS-1B 1953-1971 83.81%
Martín Dihigo P-2B 1923-1931, 1935-1936, 1945
John Henry "Pop" Lloyd SS 1906-1932
Al Lopez C-Mgr 1951-1965, 1968-1969
Amos Rusie P 1889-1895, 1897-1898, 1901
Joe Sewell SS 1920-1933
1978 Addie Joss P 1902-1910
Larry MacPhail Executive  
Eddie Mathews 3B 1952-1968 79.42%
1979 Warren Giles Executive  
Willie Mays CF 1951-1952, 1954-1973 94.68%
Hack Wilson CF 1923-1934
1980 Al Kaline RF 1953-1974 88.31%
Chuck Klein CF 1928-1944
Duke Snider CF 1947-1964 86.49%
Tom Yawkey Executive  
1981 Rube Foster P-Mgr 1902-1926
Bob Gibson P 1959-1975 84.04%
Johnny Mize 1B 1936-1942, 1946-1953
1982 Hank Aaron RF | 1954-1976 97.83%
Albert "Happy" Chandler Executive  
Travis Jackson SS 1922-1936
Frank Robinson RF 1956-1976 89.16%
1983 Walter Alston Mgr 1954-1976
George Kell 3B 1943-1957
Flag of the Dominican Republic Juan Marichal P 1960-1975 83.69%
Brooks Robinson 3B 1955-1977 91.98%
1984 Flag of Venezuela Luis Aparicio SS 1956-1973 84.62%
Don Drysdale P 1956-1969 78.41%
Rick Ferrell C 1929-1945, 1947
Harmon Killebrew 1B-3B 1954-1975 83.13%
Pee Wee Reese SS 1940-1942, 1946-1958
1985 Lou Brock LF 1961-1979 79.75%
Enos Slaughter RF 1938-1942, 1946-1959
Arky Vaughan SS 1932-1943, 1947-1948
Hoyt Wilhelm P 1952-1972 83.8%
1986 Bobby Doerr 2B 1937-1944, 1946-1951
Ernie Lombardi C 1931-1947
Willie McCovey 1B 1959-1980 81.41%
1987 Ray Dandridge 3B 1933-1939, 1942, 1944, 1949
Catfish Hunter P 1965-1979 76.27%
Billy Williams LF 1959-1976 85.71%
1988 Willie Stargell LF 1962-1982 82.44%
1989 Al Barlick Umpire 1940-1943, 1944-1955, 1958-1971
Johnny Bench C 1967-1983 96.42%
Red Schoendienst 2B 1945-1963
Carl Yastrzemski LF-1B 1961-1983 94.63%
1990 Joe Morgan 2B 1963-1984 81.76%
Jim Palmer P 1965-1967, 1969-1984 92.57%
1991 Flag of Panama Rod Carew 2B-1B 1967-1985 90.52%
Flag of Canada Ferguson Jenkins P 1965-1983 75.4%
Tony Lazzeri 2B 1926-1939
Gaylord Perry P 1962-1983 77.2%
Bill Veeck Executive  
1992 Rollie Fingers P 1968-1982, 1984-1985 81.16%
Bill McGowan Umpire 1925-1954
Hal Newhouser P 1939-1955
Tom Seaver P 1967-1986 98.84%
1993 Reggie Jackson RF 1967-1987 93.62%
1994 Steve Carlton P 1965-1988 95.82%
Leo Durocher Mgr 1939-1946, 1948-1955, 1966-1973
Phil Rizzuto SS 1941-1942, 1946-1956
1995 Richie Ashburn CF 1948-1962
Leon Day P 1934-1939, 1941-1943, 1946, 1949-1950
William Hulbert Executive  
Mike Schmidt 3B 1972-1989 96.52%
Vic Willis P 1898-1910
1996 Jim Bunning P 1955-1971
Bill Foster P 1923-1938
Ned Hanlon Mgr 1889-1890, 1892-1907
Earl Weaver Mgr 1968-1982, 1985-1986
1997 Nellie Fox 2B 1947-1965
Tommy Lasorda Mgr 1976-1996
Phil Niekro P 1964-1987 80.34%
Willie Wells SS 1923, 1924-1936, 1942, 1944-1948
1998 George Davis SS 1890-1909
Larry Doby CF 1947-1959
Lee MacPhail Executive  
Bullet Joe Rogan P 1917, 1920-1938
Don Sutton P 1966-1988 81.6%
1999 George Brett 3B 1973-1993 98.19%
Flag of Puerto Rico Orlando Cepeda 1B 1958-1974
Nestor Chylak Umpire 1954-1978
Nolan Ryan P 1966, 1968-1993 98.79%
Frank Selee Mgr 1890, 1892-1905
Smokey Joe Williams P 1910-1932
Robin Yount SS-CF 1974-1993 77.46%
2000 Sparky Anderson Mgr 1970-1995
Carlton Fisk C 1969, 1971-1993 79.56%
Bid McPhee 2B 1882-1899
Flag of Cuba Tony Pérez 1B 1964-1986 77.15%
Turkey Stearnes CF 1920-1942, 1945
2001 Bill Mazeroski 2B 1956-1972
Kirby Puckett CF 1984-1995 82.14%
Hilton Smith P 1932-1948
Dave Winfield RF 1973-1988, 1990-1995 84.47%
2002 Ozzie Smith SS 1978-1996 91.74%
2003 Gary Carter C 1974-1992 78.02%
Eddie Murray 1B 1977-1997 85.28%
2004 Dennis Eckersley P 1975-1998 83.2%
Paul Molitor DH-3B 1978-1998 85.2%
2005 Wade Boggs 3B 1982-1999 91.86%
Ryne Sandberg 2B 1981-1994, 1996-1997 76.16%
2006 Ray Brown P 1931-1945
Willard Brown RF 1935-1950 (AL-1947)
Andy Cooper P 1920-1941
Frank Grant 2B 1886-1903
Pete Hill LF 1899-1926
Biz Mackey C 1920-1947
Effa Manley Executive  
Flag of Cuba José Méndez P 1908-1926
Alex Pompez Executive  
Cumberland Posey Executive  
Louis Santop C 1909-1926
Bruce Sutter P 1976-1986, 1988 76.9%
Mule Suttles 1B - LF 1921, 1923-1944
Ben Taylor 1B 1908-1929
Flag of Cuba Cristóbal Torriente CF 1913-1928
Sol White Pioneer  
J.L. Wilkinson Executive  
Jud Wilson 3B - 1B 1922-1945
2007 Tony Gwynn RF 1982-2001 97.61%
Cal Ripken, Jr. SS 1981-2001 98.53%

NotesEdit

* – "Pioneer" refers to individuals who made a significant off-the-field impact on the development of the sport. The first position listed is the position for which the Hall recognized the individual. Abbreviations refer to:
• P Pitcher • SS Shortstop
• C Catcher • LF Left fielder
• 1B First baseman • CF Center fielder
• 2B Second baseman • RF Right fielder
• 3B Third baseman • Mgr Manager
† – Prior to the 2001 re-organization of the Veterans Committee the percentage of the vote was not generally released for players approved by the Veterans Committee. In some years, voting was done by order of preference, with one or more candidates receiving greater weight than others with the same number of votes; also, the committee would sometimes move to make a selection unanimous once the necessary number of votes was attained for a particular candidate.
‡ – Percentage of the vote was not released for players approved by the Negro Leagues Committee (1971-77) or the Committee on African American Baseball (2006).

ReferencesEdit

External linksEdit

See alsoEdit


Baseball Hall of Fame balloting

1931
1941

1951
1961
1971
1981
1991
2001
2011

1932
1942
1952
1962
1972
1982
1992
2002 2012

1933
1943

1953
1963
1973
1983
1993
2003 2013

1934
1944
1954
1964
1974
1984
1994
2004 2014

1935
1945
1955
1965
1975
1985
1995
2005 2015

1936
1946
1956
1966
1976
1986
1996
2006 2016

1937
1947
1957
1967
1977
1987
1997
2007 2017

1938
1948
1958
1968
1978
1988
1998
2008 2018

1939
1949
1959
1969
1979
1989
1999
2009 2019

1940
1950
1960
1970
1980
1990
2000
2010 2020

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