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International League

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The International League (IL) is a minor league baseball league which operates in the eastern United States and Canada. Like the Pacific Coast League, it plays at the Triple-A level, which is one step below Major League Baseball. The league was created from the mergers of member teams from three precursor leagues, the Eastern League, founded in 1884, the New York State League, formed in 1885, and the Ontario League, also organized in 1885. The New York State and Ontario Leagues merged in 1886 to form the International League, and in 1887 when the Eastern League was absorbed to create a 10-club league.

The league collapsed soon afterwards, when the northern teams claimed that it was too onerous to travel to the south, and formed the International Association. Teams and league names came and went over the years. In 1954, a franchise was awarded to Havana, Cuba, but it had to be moved in the middle of the 1960 season because of political upheaval in that country. It was moved to Jersey City, New Jersey. Another foray into the Caribbean failed when the newly-created team in San Juan, Puerto Rico, added in 1961, had to be moved to Charleston, West Virginia in mid-season.

In 1971, an International League all-star team beat the New York Yankees in an exhibition game in Rochester, New York, before 11,000 people. In 1984, the all-stars lost to the Cleveland Indians in 11 innings before 11,032 fans in Columbus, Ohio to commemorate the league's 100th Anniversary.

In 1988, the International League and the American Association, another Triple-A league which operated in the Midwest, voted to play interleague games. The league also split into two divisions in the same year. The interleague concept ended in 1992, but the two league divisions remained.

In 1998, with the addition of three new teams from the disbanded American Association and the Durham Bulls moving up to Triple-A from Class-A, the league reorganized into three divisions, the North Division, South Division, and West Division.

At the end of each season, the three divisional leaders and a wild card team square-off in best-of-5 playoffs, with the winning team of the finals awarded the Governors' Cup, the league's championship trophy.

Current Member Teams and StadiumsEdit

Current teams[[[International League|edit]]] as of July 8, 20013Edit

[[]]North DivisionBisonsRed WingsChiefsRailRidersIronPigsRed SoxSouth DivisionTidesBullsKnightsBravesWest DivisionClippersMud HensIndiansBats

Division Team Founded4 MLB Affiliation City Stadium Capacity5
North Buffalo Bisons 1979 Toronto Blue Jays Buffalo, New York Coca-Cola Field1 18,025
Lehigh Valley IronPigs 2008 Philadelphia Phillies Allentown, Pennsylvania Coca-Cola Park3 10,100
Pawtucket Red Sox 1970 Boston Red Sox Pawtucket, Rhode Island McCoy Stadium 10,031
Rochester Red Wings 1899 Minnesota Twins Rochester, New York Frontier Field 10,840
Scranton/Wilkes-Barre RailRiders 1989 New York Yankees Moosic, Pennsylvania PNC Field 10,310
Syracuse Chiefs 1961 Washington Nationals Syracuse, New York NBT Bank Stadium 11,071
South Charlotte Knights 1976 Chicago White Sox Fort Mill, South Carolina Knights Stadium 10,002
Durham Bulls 1902 Tampa Bay Rays Durham, North Carolina Durham Bulls Athletic Park2 10,000
Gwinnett Braves 2009 Atlanta Braves Lawrenceville, Georgia Coolray Field 10,475
Norfolk Tides 1961 Baltimore Orioles Norfolk, Virginia Harbor Park 12,067
West Columbus Clippers 1977 Cleveland Indians Columbus, Ohio Huntington Park 10,100
Indianapolis Indians 1902 Pittsburgh Pirates Indianapolis, Indiana Victory Field 14,500
Louisville Bats 1969 Cincinnati Reds Louisville, Kentucky Louisville Slugger Field 13,131
Toledo Mud Hens 1965 Detroit Tigers

See alsoEdit

Eastern Assn teams from 1884 to the present day. (Some data be may be out of date.)

'International (1886, 1890)(A 1887)(AA 1913-45)'(AAA 1946+)

Eastern (1884)(A 1892-1908) (AA 1909-11)

New York' 'State' (1885)

International Assn (A 1888-89)

'Eastern Assn' (A 1891)

Akron, OH: 1920

Albany, NY: 1885, 1888, 1891-93, 1932-36

Allentown, PA: 1884

Little Rock "Arkansas": 1963

Atlanta, GA: 1962-65

Baltimore, MD: 1903-14, 1916-53

Baltimore/Lancaster, MD/PA: 1884

Baltimore/Harrisburg, MD/PA: 1915

Binghamton, NY: 1885-87, 1892-94, 1918-19

Binghamton/Allentown, NY/PA: 1894

Brooklyn, NY: 1884

Buffalo, NY: 1886-89, 1891-98, 1901-69

Buffalo/Montreal/Grand Rapids, NY/Que/MI: 1890

Buffalo/Winnipeg, NY/Man: 1970

Charleston, WV: 1971-83

Charlotte, NC: 1993+

Columbus, OH: 1955-70, 1977+

Detroit, MI: 1889-90

Elmira, NY: 1885, 1892

Erie, PA: 1893-94

Lawrenceville "Gwinnett County”: 2009

Hamilton, Ont: 1886-89, 1918

Hamilton/Montreal/Grand Rapids, Ont/Que/MI: 1890

Harrisburg, PA: 1884

Harrisburg/York, PA: 1884

Hartford, CT: 1899-1901

Havana, Cuba: 1954-59

Havana/Jersey City, Cuba/NJ: 1960

Indianapolis, IN: 1963

Jacksonville, FL: 1962-68

Jersey City, NJ: 1887, 1902-15, 1918-33, 1937-50, 1961

Lebanon, PA: 1891

Allentown “Lehigh Valley”: 2008-Present

London, Ont: 1888-90

Louisville, KY: 1968-72

Portland "Maine": 1984-88

Memphis, TN: 1974-76

Miami, FL: 1956-60

Montreal, Que: 1898-1902, 1904-17, 1928-60

Newark, NJ: 1884, 1887, 1916-19, 1921-49

Newark/Harrisburg, NJ/PA: 1915

Newark/Providence, NJ/RI: 1925

New Haven, CT: 1891-92

Norfolk, VA: 1993+

Oswego, NY: 1885-87

Oswego/Scranton, NY/PA: 1887

Ottawa, Ont: 1951-54, 1993-2007
Pawtucket, RI: 1973-75, 1978+

Hampton "Peninsula": 1972-73

Philadelphia, PA: 1892

Providence, RI: 1891-1917

Reading, PA: 1919-20

Reading/Albany, PA/NY: 1932

Providence “Rhode Island”: 1976

Richmond, VA: 1884, 1915-17, 1954-64, 1966+

Rochester, NY: 1885-89, 1891-92, 1895-96, 1898-Present

Rochester/Montreal, NY/Que: 1897

Saginaw, MI: 1890

San Juan/Charleston, P.R./WVA: 1961

Scranton, PA: 1895-97

“Scranton-Wilkes Barre”, PA: 1989+

Springfield, MA: 1893-1900, 1950-53

Syracuse, NY: 1885-89, 1891-92, 1894-1900, 1920-27, 1935-55, 1961-Present

Syracuse/Brockton: NY/MA: 1901

Syracuse/Hamilton: NY/Ont: 1918

Syracuse/Utica, NY: 1894

Norfolk “Tidewater”: 1969-92

Toledo, OH: 1889, 1965-Present

Toronto, Ont: 1886-90, 1895, 1897-1922, 1924-67

Toronto/Albany, Ont/NY: 1896

Trenton, NJ: 1884

Troy, NY: 1888, 1891-94

Troy/Scranton, NY/PA: 1894

Utica, NY: 1885-87

Wilkes-Barre, PA: 1893-98

Wilmington, DE: 1884

Winnipeg, Man: 1971

Worcester, MA: 1899-1900, 1902

Worcester/Montreal, MA/Que: 1902

External linksEdit

International League
North Division South Division West Division
Buffalo Bisons | Ottawa Lynx | Pawtucket Red Sox | Rochester Red Wings | Scranton/Wilkes-Barre Yankees | Syracuse Chiefs Charlotte Knights | Durham Bulls | Norfolk Tides | Richmond Braves Columbus Clippers | Indianapolis Indians | Louisville Bats | Toledo Mud Hens
Professional Baseball
Major League Baseball American LeagueNational League
Minor League Baseball *Triple A : International LeagueMexican LeaguePacific Coast League
Mexican League Affilates *Double A : Nothern Mexico League
Winter *Affilliated: Arizona Fall LeagueDominican Winter Baseball LeagueMexican Pacific LeagueParallel LeagueeVenezuelan Professional Baseball League
Defunct *Major :National AssociationAmerican AssociationUnion AssociationPlayer's League

Federal LeagueNegro League baseballAll-American Girls Professional Baseball LeagueContinental LeagueCuban LeagueNational Association of Base Ball Players

Japan Nippon Professional Baseball : Central LeaguePacific League
South Korea Korea Professional Baseball
Taiwan Chinese Professional Baseball League
China China Baseball League
Defunct Japanese Baseball LeagueTaiwan Major LeagueIsrael Baseball League
Italy Italian Baseball League
Netherlands Honkbal Hoofdklasse
Australia Australian Baseball
Defunct Australian Baseball (1989-1999)International Baseball League of AustraliaHawaii Winter Baseball

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