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Championship is a term used in sport to refer to various forms of competition in which the aim is to decide which individual or team is the champion.
Championship systems Edit
Various forms of competition can be referred to by the term championship.
Title match system Edit
In this system, a competitor has to challenge the current champion to win the championship. This form of championship is used in boxing, wrestling and other combat sports.
Tournament system Edit
The term championship is often used to refer to tournament competitions, either using a knockout format, such as at Wimbledon and other championships in tennis, or a mixed format with a group stage followed by knockout rounds, such as used in the European Football Championship.
A variation of the knockout format is the "best-of-X" or series format where two teams face other for a specified number of times until one team wins the majority of specified games, most of the time the remaining games are not played anymore; only then is the losing team eliminated from contention and the winning team advances to the next level. This format is predominant in American sports such as baseball, ice hockey and basketball, and on test cricket.
League system Edit
Championships in various sports, including rugby union and association football (soccer) use a league system in which all competitors in the league play each other, either once or a number of times.
In many American sport league (as well as some other North American countries), a playoff system is used to determine a championship winner. Teams compete in a regular season of varying formats and a limited number of teams qualify for playoffs. The playoffs are a tournament where teams play head-to-head in knockout competition. The championship is oftentimes considered the final of the playoffs (e.g., Super Bowl, Stanley Cup Finals, World Series, etc.). The playoff system can be seen as a hybrid between the league system and tournament system, where a league is used to determine qualifiers for the tournament.