Born in Massena, New York, McPhee entered the American Association in 1882 with the Cincinnati Red Stockings. Renamed the Reds in 1890, it was the team for which he would play his entire career. Over 18 years, McPhee batted .271, hit 53 home runs, hit 188 triples, scored 1678 runs, had 1067 RBI, and stole 568 bases. He had ten 100-plus seasons in runs scored and regularly led the league in many defensive categories despite playing without a glove for the first 14 years of his career. Without the benefit of the padding provided by fielding gloves, McPhee toughened his hands by soaking them in salt water.
Shortly after retiring as a player in 1899, McPhee rejoined the Reds as a manager. At the team's helm for 1901 and part of 1902, he posted 79 wins and 124 losses for a .389 winning percentage.
McPhee died in 1943. He was cremated and his ashes were interred in the mausoleum at Cypress View Memorial Gardens in San Diego.
McPhee was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in 2000 and is one of two Baseball Hall of Famers, along with Johnny Bench, who played their entire career in Cincinnati. McPhee is also the only Hall of Famer who played on the 1882 pennant winning Cincinnati Red Stockings team.
Two years after his induction into the Hall of Fame, McPhee was inducted into the Cincinnati Reds Hall of Fame.
To date, McPhee remains the only member of the American Association (major league, 1882–1891, and the first competitor of the National League) to be elected to Cooperstown.
- List of major league players with 2,000 hits
- List of Major League Baseball players with 100 triples
- List of Major League Baseball players with 1000 runs
- List of Major League Baseball players with 1000 RBI
- List of Major League Baseball leaders in career stolen bases
- List of Major League Baseball triples champions
- List of Major League Baseball triples records
- Hitting for the cycle
- Cincinnati Reds Hall of Fame
- baseballhalloffame.org – Hall of Fame biography page
- Career statistics and player information from Baseball-Reference, or Fangraphs
|American Association Home Run Champion|
|Cincinnati Reds Manager|