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The "AA" offered cheaper ticket prices and more liberal libations to its patrons, and became known as "The Beer and Whiskey League", especially by supporters of the National League, in reference to the fact that many of its biggest backers were breweries and distilleries. This nickname is ironic in view of the fact that "AA" is now most commonly used to mean Alcoholics Anonymous.
The National League won most of those encounters, while some ended in ties due to disputes or other issues. The only victory for the American Association came in 1886 when the St. Louis Browns (now Cardinals) defeated the Chicago White Stockings (now Cubs).
Over that decade, the AA was weakened by several factors. One was the tendency of some of its teams to jump to the NL. The consistently stronger NL also put it in better position to survive adverse conditions. The most significant blow to the AA was dealt by the Players' League, a third major league in 1890, which siphoned off talent and gate receipts.
In a unique historical oddity, Brooklyn represented the AA in the 1889 World's Series, switched leagues in the off-season, and represented the NL in 1890. Brooklyn lost the 1889 Series, and the 1890 Series ended in a 3-3-1 draw, left unresolved due to growing animosity between the leagues.
The living legacy of the old Association is the teams that came over to the National League to stay, the teams now known as the Pittsburgh Pirates, Cincinnati Reds, Los Angeles Dodgers and St. Louis Cardinals.
Pennant winners of the AAEdit
- 1882 Cincinnati Red Stockings
- 1883 Philadelphia Athletics
- 1884 New York Metropolitans
- 1885 St. Louis Browns
- 1886 St. Louis Browns
- 1887 St. Louis Browns
- 1888 St. Louis Browns
- 1889 Brooklyn Bridegrooms
- 1890 Louisville Colonels
- 1891 Boston Reds
American Association franchisesEdit
- Baltimore Orioles (1882-1891)
- Cincinnati Red Stockings (1882-1889) (Now the Cincinnati Reds of the National League)
- Eclipse of Louisville (1882-1884)
- Philadelphia Athletics (1882-1891)
- Pittsburgh Alleghenys (1882-1887) (Now the Pittsburgh Pirates of the National League)
- St. Louis Brown Stockings (Browns) (1882-1891) (Now the St. Louis Cardinals of the National League)
- Louisville Colonels (1885-1891)
- Columbus Buckeyes (1883-1884)
- New York Metropolitans (1883-1887)
- Brooklyn Atlantics/Grays/Bridegrooms (1884-1889) (Now the Los Angeles Dodgers of the National League)
- Indianapolis Hoosiers (1884) (played at Seventh Street Park and Bruce Grounds)
- Richmond Virginians (1884) (played at Allen Pasture)
- Toledo Blue Stockings (1884)
- Washington Statesmen (1884) (played at Athletic Park)
- Washington Statesmen (1891) (played at Boundary Field)
- Cleveland Spiders (1887-1888)
- Kansas City Cowboys (1888-1889)
- Columbus Solons (1889-1891) (played at Recreation Park)
- Brooklyn Gladiators (1890)
- Rochester Broncos (1890)
- Syracuse Stars (1890) (games played at Star Park)
- Toledo Maumees (1890)
- Boston Reds (1891)
- Cincinnati Porkers (1891)
- Milwaukee Brewers (1891) (played at Borchert Field)
- 1887-Pittsburgh Alleghenys leave AA to join NL
- 1889-Cleveland Spiders leave AA to join NL
- 1890-Cincinnati Red Stockings and Brooklyn Bridegrooms leave AA to join NL
- 1892-Baltimore Orioles, Louisville Colonels, St.Louis Browns, and Washington Senators join National League after the folding of the AA
- H.D. McKnight 1882-1885
- Wheeler C. Wyckoff 1886-1889
- Zach Phelps 1890
- Louis Kramer 1891
- Ed Renau 1891
- Zach Phelps 1891
- Nemec, David (2004). The Beer and Whisky League : The Illustrated History of the American Association—Baseball's Renegade Major League. Guilford: The Lyons Press. ISBN 1-59228-188-5.
- Pietrusza, David (1991). The Formation, Sometimes Absorption and Mostly Inevitable Demise of 18 Professional Baseball Organizations, 1871 to Present. Jefferson (NC): McFarland & Company. ISBN 0-89950-590-2.