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1912 World Series

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In the 1912 World Series, the Boston Red Sox beat the New York Giants four games to three (with one tie).

This dramatic Series showcased great pitching from Christy Mathewson and from Boston fireballer Smokey Joe Wood. Wood won two of his three starts and pitched in relief in the final game. In the deciding game, Boston rallied for two runs in the tenth inning thanks to two costly Giants fielding misplays.

Mathewson started three games, completed all three, compiled a 0.94 earned-run average for the Series...and got two losses and a no-decision for his efforts.

Nearly all of the games were close. Four games in this Series were decided by one run. A fifth ended in a tie. A sixth was decided by two runs. Game 7 was the only one with a margin greater than three runs. Two games, including the decisive Game 8, went to extra innings. In Games 1 and 3, the losing team had the tying and winning runs on base when the game ended.

This was the first Series in which a series was decided in the last inning of the final game, in "sudden death" or "sudden victory" fashion. It was also the first Series where a team within one inning of losing came back to win. The next time a team that close to elimination recovered to win was Game 6 of the 1985 World Series. Other World Series that have ended with a Game 7 (or in this case, Game 8, due to the tie) going to extra innings include the Series of 1924, 1991 and 1997. Other World Series won by the home team in its last at-bat in a Game 7 include the Series of 1960 and 2001.

This was one of only four World Series to go to eight games, and the only best-4-of-7 Series to do so. While the 1912 Series was extended to eight games due to a tie game being called on account of darkness, the 1903, 1919 and 1921 World Series were all best-of-nine affairs that happened to run eight games.

The 1912 Series was plagued by rumors (linked article in PDF format) that Game 7 was not played entirely honestly. Some observers, including famed Boston sportswriter Tim Murnane, theorized that Wood's terrible start and the Sox's poor outing were deliberate. The idea was that the Red Sox threw the game in order to play another game to make up for the gate receipts they did not receive from Game 2. No proof was ever offered nor charges filed, but it was one more episode of public suspicion that would haunt several Series in the 1910s. Baseball's problems with gambling did not come to a head until the infamous 1919 World Series and the Black Sox scandal. The charge that the Red Sox would have wanted Game 8 in order to increase their income is a weak accusation, because from the very beginning in 1903, the players have only earned Series money from the first four games. That rule exists precisely to prevent the kind of shenanigans suggested by the rumors.

Records: Boston Red Sox (W: 105, L: 47, Pct: .691, GA: 14) - New York Giants (W: 103, L: 48, Pct: .682, GA: 10)

Managers: Jake Stahl (Boston), John McGraw (New York)

Umpires: Bill Klem (NL), Silk O'Loughlin (AL), Cy Rigler (NL), Billy Evans (AL)

SummaryEdit

AL Boston Red Sox (4) vs. NL New York Giants (3)

GameScoreDateLocationAttendance
1Red Sox - 4, Giants - 3, October 8Polo Grounds35,730
2Giants - 6, Red Sox - 6October 9Fenway Park30,148
3Giants - 2, Red Sox - 1October 10Fenway Park34,624
4Red Sox - 3, Giants - 1October 11Polo Grounds36,502
5Giants - 1, Red Sox - 2October 12Fenway Park34,683
6Red Sox - 2, Giants - 5October 14Polo Grounds30,622
7 Giants - 11, Red Sox - 4October 15Fenway Park32,694
8Giants - 2, Red Sox - 3October 16Fenway Park17,034

MatchupsEdit

Game 1Edit

October 8, 1912 at the Polo Grounds in New York, New York

New York struck first. Josh Devore walked with one out in the third and advanced to third base on a single by Larry Doyle. After Fred Snodgrass struck out, Red Murray's single scored Devore and Doyle for a 2-0 Giants lead. Boston cut the lead to 2-1 in the sixth on a triple by Tris Speaker and an RBI groundout by Duffy Lewis. The very next inning, the Red Sox scored three runs to win the series opener. Boston's runs came on an RBI double by future Hall of Famer Harry Hooper and a two-run single by Steve Yerkes. In the bottom of the ninth, the Giants scored a run and had the tying run on third and the winning run on second, but Smokey Joe Wood, 34-5 on the season, struck out the last two batters to earn a 4-3 Boston victory. Wood pitched a complete game, striking out 11 Giants. After the game, Wood would say "I threw so hard I thought my arm would fly right off my body."

Team 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 R H E
Boston 000 001 300 461
New York 002 000 001 381
W: Smokey Joe Wood (1-0)  L: Jeff Tesreau (0-1)

Game 2Edit

October 9, 1912 at Fenway Park in Boston, Massachusetts

An error by Giants shortstop Art Fletcher led to Boston scoring three unearned runs off of Christy Mathewson. Another error by Fletcher, who failed to tag out Harry Hooper on a stolen base attempt, scored Boston's fourth run in the fifth inning. In the top of the 8th, Boston would return the favor, and New York would strike for three runs. Left fielder Duffy Lewis' error allowed Fred Snodgrass to reach base to open the inning. Snodgrass would score on a double by Red Murray, and two batters later third baseman Buck Herzog hit a two-run double to give New York a 5-4 lead.

The Giants' lead would be brief. Art Fletcher's terrible day continued, with his third error allowing Larry Gardner to reach base and Duffy Lewis to score from second. This tied the game 5-5. In the ninth inning, Boston relief pitcher Charley Hall, who had replaced Ray Collins in the 8th, got the first two outs but proceeded to walk Snodgrass, Larry Doyle, and Beals Becker consecutively. With the bases loaded, Red Murray grounded into a forceout and the Red Sox escaped. Boston would go quietly in the bottom of the ninth, setting up extra innings. Fred Merkle led off the Giants 10th with a triple and scored on a sacrifice fly to give the Giants a 6-5 lead. Christy Mathewson, who pitched the entire game for New York, came back to the mound in the bottom of the tenth with a chance to win the game and even the Series at one game apiece, but Tris Speaker, who hit .383 in 1912, got a base hit to center field. Becker threw the ball in to cutoff man Tillie Shafer, who threw to the plate, but catcher Art Wilson dropped the ball--New York's fifth error of the game--and Speaker, who was credited with a triple on the play, scored to tie the game 6-6.

New York would have one last chance in the top of the 11th. Snodgrass led off the inning and was hit by a pitch. He was then thrown out attempting to steal second. After Doyle struck out, Becker drew a walk, but he was also thrown out attempting to steal second, ending the inning. After the Red Sox went down in order in the bottom of the 11th, the game was called on account of darkness, tied 6-6. Boston retained their one game to none lead in the Series. Baseball's National Commission ruled that the players were not entitled to their regular share of the gate receipts due to the game not being played to a conclusion--a decision that caused much discontent.

Team 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 R H E
New York 010 100 030 10 6115
Boston 300 010 010 10 6101
N/A: Christy Mathewson ()  N/A: Ray Collins ()

Game 3Edit

October 10, 1912 at Fenway Park in Boston, Massachusetts

In the top of the second, Red Murray doubled to center. He advanced to third on a sacrifice bunt by Merkle and scored on a sacrifice fly by Herzog, giving the Giants a 1-0 lead. Three innings later, Herzog doubled and scored on a single by Fletcher, stretching New York's lead to 2-0. It would stay that way until the bottom of the ninth. Future Hall-of-Famer Rube Marquard, who pitched a complete game for the Giants, got Speaker to pop up to start the inning, but then gave up a single to Lewis and an RBI double to Gardner, making the score 2-1. First baseman (and team manager) Jake Stahl grounded to Marquard, who threw out Gardner at third base for the second out, Stahl reaching first base. Manager Stahl then took himself out of the game and replaced himself with pinch-runner Olaf Henriksen. The next Boston hitter, Heinie Wagner, reached on an error by Merkle, with Henriksen, representing the tying run, advancing to third. Wagner, the winning run, then stole second to get into scoring position. The next batter, Hick Cady, lined out to right field to end the game. New York hung on for a 2-1 victory and evened the series at one game apiece.

Team 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 R H E
New York 010 010 000 271
Boston 000 000 001 170
W: Rube Marquard (1-0)  L: Buck O’Brien (0-1)

Game 4Edit

October 11, 1912 at the Polo Grounds in New York, New York

The Red Sox won 3-1 on a complete game, eight-strikeout effort by Wood. Boston took a 1-0 lead when Gardner tripled in the second inning and scored on a wild pitch. Boston made it 2-0 on an RBI single by Cady in the 4th. In the 7th, Herzog singled and scored on a double by Fletcher to cut the lead to 2-1, but in the top of the ninth inning Wood helped his own cause with an RBI single, and the Giants went down in order in the bottom of the ninth.

Team 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 R H E
Boston 010 100 001 381
New York 000 000 100 191
W: Smokey Joe Wood (2-0)  L: Jeff Tesreau (0-2)

Game 5Edit

October 12, 1912 at Fenway Park in Boston, Massachusetts

The Red Sox scored two quick runs in the bottom of the third inning against Mathewson: Hooper led off with a triple and scored on another triple by Yerkes. The next batter, Speaker, reached on an error by Giants left fielder Doyle, allowing Yerkes to score. That would be all Boston pitcher Hugh Bedient needed. Merkle would double and come around to score in the 7th inning to make the score 2-1, but Bedient retired the last seven Giant hitters in order to finish his three-hit complete game. Boston now led the series three games to one and was one victory away from a championship.

Team 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 R H E
New York 000 000 100 131
Boston 002 000 00x 251
W: Hugh Bedient (1-0)  L: Christy Mathewson (0-1)

Game 6Edit

October 14, 1912 at the Polo Grounds in New York, New York

Boston pitcher Buck O'Brien, who had pitched well in Game 3 but lost to Marquard, started again in Game 6 and was shelled for five runs in the bottom of the first inning. After left fielder Josh Devore led off the inning with a groundout, Doyle singled, and Snodgrass struck out, five Giants hitters in a row hit safely, with Buck Herzog scoring on a steal of home. The inning didn't end until O'Brien picked Fletcher off of first base. Marquard would take over from there, throwing a complete game for his second victory of the series, the Giants winning 5-2. New York stayed alive, but Boston still led the series three games to two.

Team 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 R H E
Boston 020 000 000 272
New York 500 000 00x 5111
W: Rube Marquard (2-0)  L: Buck O’Brien (0-2)

Game 7Edit

October 15, 1912 at Fenway Park in Boston, Massachusetts

Wood, who had pitched and won Games 1 and 4 for the Red Sox, started Game 7 with a chance to win a championship for Boston. However, in a replay of Game 6, the Giants blew the game open in the first inning. Seven of the first nine Giants batters reached base, and six of them scored. New York would cruise from there, winning the only truly lopsided game of the series 11-4. This game featured two "bounce" home runs, one from Gardner of the Red Sox and another from Doyle of the Giants. This type of play, where a ball lands in fair territory and goes over the wall on a bounce, was changed by rule to a ground rule double in 1930. Game 7 also featured an extremely rare unassisted double play by an outfielder. Tris Speaker, who was known for playing an extremely shallow center field, caught a liner by Fletcher with one out in the top of the ninth inning, and proceeded to step on second to double off Wilson.

The series was tied 3 games apiece, setting up a decisive Game 8 for the championship.

Team 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 R H E
New York 610 002 101 11164
Boston 010 000 210 492
W: Jeff Tesreau (1-2)  L: Smokey Joe Wood (2-1)
HR: NYGLarry Doyle (1), BOSLarry Gardner (1)

Game 8Edit

October 16, 1912 at Fenway Park in Boston, Massachusetts

The location of this game was determined by a coin flip, which the Red Sox won. Because this game was scheduled at the last minute as a makeup due to the Game 2 tie, and possibly due to fan discontent over unpleasant rumors about Game 7 (see Notes section below), the riveting finale of the 1912 World Series was played to a half-capacity crowd at Fenway.

Mathewson would pitch for the Giants, and Hugh Bedient would start for the Red Sox. In the Giants 3rd inning, Devore led off with a single and advanced on groundouts by Doyle and Snodgrass, and then scored on an RBI double by Murray. New York would hold on to that 1-0 lead until the bottom of the 7th inning, when Stahl singled with one out and Heinie Wagner drew a walk. Henriksen entered the game to pinch-hit for the pitcher, Bedient, and doubled to left to tie the game at one. Harry Hooper flied out to center to end the rally.

Smokey Joe Wood, who had taken a pounding the day before for Boston, replaced Bedient as pitcher. Wood and Mathewson, still pitching for the Giants, would match zeroes in the eighth and ninth innings, and the game would go to extra innings tied 1-1. In the top of the tenth, Murray doubled with one out and scored on an RBI single from Merkle. Wood struck out Herzog and got the Giant catcher, Chief Meyers, to ground out to end the inning, but the game went to the bottom of the tenth with the Giants leading 2-1 and three outs away from a World Series victory.

Clyde Engle, pinch-hitting for Wood, hit an easy fly ball to Fred Snodgrass in center field. Snodgrass dropped the ball, and Engle reached second base. Hooper flied out to center--Snodgrass making a fine running catch right after his error--but Engle advanced to third. Yerkes walked, putting the winning run on base. Tris Speaker, who hit an even .300 in the 1912 World Series, popped up foul on the first base side, but neither first baseman Merkle nor pitcher Mathewson nor catcher Meyers made an effort at the ball; Mathewson calling for catcher Meyers to take it, but he couldn't reach it and it fell to the ground. Speaker then shouted "Well, that's gonna cost you the ball game!". Given new life, Speaker singled, tying the game 2-2 and advancing Yerkes to third base. Mathewson walked Lewis intentionally, setting up a force out at every base, but the next hitter, Larry Gardner, hit a fly ball to Devore in right field. Yerkes tagged and scored, and the Red Sox won the 1912 World Series. Fred Snodgrass' error would go down in history as "the $30,000 muff", that being the difference between the winning and losing shares.

Team 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 R H E
New York 001 000 000 1 292
Boston 000 000 100 2 384
W: Smokey Joe Wood (3-1)  L: Christy Mathewson (0-2)

QuotesEdit

  • "And now the ball settles. It is full and fair in the pouch of the padded glove of Snodgrass. But he is too eager to toss it to Murray and it dribbles to the ground."--The New York Times, October 17, 1912, describing Snodgrass' error.
  • "No individual, whether player, manager, owner, critic or spectator, who went through the world's series of 1912 ever will forget it. There never was another like it. Years may elapse before there shall be a similar series and it may be that the next to come will be equally sensational, perhaps more so."--John B. Forster, from the 1913 Spalding's Official Baseball Guide.
  • "As I look back upon the 1912 series, when we lost to the Boston Red Sox, I see it was the same. Pitchers, outfielders, the whole team collapsed under the strain."--Christy Mathewson

Reference(s)Edit

  • Tris Speaker: The Rough-and-Tumble Life of a Baseball Legend, by Timothy M. Gay. University of Nebraska Press, 2005, ISBN 0-8032-2206-8.
  • Neft, David S., and Richard M. Cohen. The World Series. 1st ed. New York: St Martins, 1990. (Neft and Cohen 41-47)

External linksEdit

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